Basil I

   Emperor (867-886) and founder of the Macedonian dynasty (q.v.), who came to the throne by murdering his benefactor Michael III (q.v.). He deposed the patriarch Photios (qq.v.) and reinstated Ignatios (q.v.), which helped to restore relations with the papacy (q.v.). His reign was preoccupied with war on several fronts against the Arabs (q.v.). Basil's goal of reconquering southern Italy (q.v.) from the Arabs was accomplished with the aid of Frankish emperor Louis II (q.v.). Arab attacks along the coasts of Dalmatia and Greece (qq.v.) were rebuffed, and Cyprus (q.v.) was occupied for seven years. The one serious setback was in Sicily, where Syracuse (qq.v.) fell to the Arabs. In the East, despite some defeats, a period of systematic advances against the Arabs began with victories in the region of the Euphrates River and against the Paulicians (qq.v.). Basil's internal policy included a plan to completely revise Justinianic law, but this was never realized beyond the introductory Procheiron and Epanagogue (qq.v.). His innovative church called Nea Ekklesia (New Church) has survived only in literary descriptions.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Basil — ist ein männlicher Vorname[1] und ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Familien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Basil — Bas il, n. [F. basilic, fr. L. basilicus royal, Gr. basiliko s fr. basiley s king.] (Bot.) The name given to several aromatic herbs of the Mint family, but chiefly to the common or sweet basil ({Ocymum basilicum}), and the bush basil, or lesser… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • basil — aromatic shrubby plant, early 15c., from O.Fr. basile (15c., Mod.Fr. basilic), from M.L. basilicum, from Gk. basilikon (phyton) royal (plant), from basileus king (see BASIL (Cf. Basil)). So called, probably, because it was believed to have been… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Basil — m English: from the Greek name Basileios ‘royal’ (a derivative of basileus king). This name was borne by St Basil the Great (c.330–379), bishop of Caesarea, a theologian regarded as one of the Fathers of the Eastern Church. It was also the name… …   First names dictionary

  • Basil — Basil,   Otto, österreichischer Schriftsteller, * Wien 24. 12. 1901, ✝ ebenda 19. 2. 1983; schrieb Gedichte, Essays, Theaterkritiken (Sammlung »Lob und Tadel«, 1981); übersetzte aus dem Französischen; gab 1938 und 1945 48 die Zeitschrift »Plan«… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • basil — [bā′zəl, baz′əl] n. [ME & OFr basile < ML basilicum < Gr basilikon ( phyton), basil, lit., royal (plant) < basileus, king] any of a genus (Ocimum) of fragrant plants of the mint family, esp. a white flowered garden herb ( O. basilicum)… …   English World dictionary

  • Basil — Bas il (b[a^]z [i^]l), n. [Corrupt. from E. basan, F. basane, LL. basanium, bazana, fr. Ar. bith[=a]na, prop., lining.] The skin of a sheep tanned with bark. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Basil — Bas il (b[a^]z [i^]l), n. [Cf. F. basile and E. {Bezel}.] The slope or angle to which the cutting edge of a tool, as a plane, is ground. Grier. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Basil — Bas il, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Basiled} (?); p. pr. & vb. n. {Basiling}.] To grind or form the edge of to an angle. Moxon. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Basil — Basil, so v.w. Basilios …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Basil — masc. proper name, from L. Basilius, from Gk. Basileios kingly, royal, from basileus king, of unknown origin, possibly from a language of Asia Minor (Cf. Lydian battos king ) …   Etymology dictionary

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